Genre review

Narrative strategies

  • Be sure to discuss the purpose or significance of your story
  • Have a logical organization
  • Develop  your idea with details, examples, anecdotes
    • Remember to SHOW not tell
  • Use an appropriate writing style

Observation strategies

  • Create an overall, complex (multi-dimensional) impression that is based on an insight into, interpretation of or idea about your topic.
  • Provide a clear organizational strategy (chronological, spatial, or topical)
  • Use sensory details and dialogue (gathered through interviews)
  • Use vivid language for description

Expository strategies

  • Choose one of the explanatory strategies to focus your discussion.  Be sure to stay on topic.
    • Defining
    • Classifying or dividing
    • Comparing and contrasting    
    • Narrating a process
    • Illustrating (giving examples)
    • Reporting cause and effect
  • Make sure your paper has a logical order and uses appropriate transitions to help your reader.
  • Be sure to use specific details (facts, observations, anecdotes, quotes, statistics…) to support your explanation.  Feel free to use pictures, graphs, or other visuals to help your reader.
  • Consider your audience.  Make sure you write in a way that makes your explanation clear for those not familiar with your topic.  

Evaluation strategies


  • Present the subject – provide relevant background information on your topic
  • Assert an overall judgment  - does not need to be entirely positive or negative
  • Provide criteriacreate standards for your evaluation
  • Give reasons and supportspecific evidence
  • Consider opposing opinionsbe sure to respond to these opinions  (Refute, Concede, or Qualify)
  • Establish credibilityshow your opinion is valid 

Argumentative strategies

  • Present the Issue
  • Assert a Clear Position - Be sure your position is a debatable claim
  • Argue Directly - Support your position with evidence (Facts, Examples, Explanations, Descriptions, Definitions, Comparisons, Anecdotes, Testimonials, and Statistics)
  • Counter argue Objection - Respond to objections (Refute, Concede, or Qualify)
  • Establish Credibility - Be knowledgeable, fair and respectful.

Problem-Solution strategies 

  • Introduce the problem
    • Consider possible causes.
    • Identify groups affected.
  • Propose a solution
    • Be sure to outline specific details about the solution.
    • Explain how the solution will impact specific concerns about the problem.
    • Consider how the solution will impact all groups concerned. 
  • Argue Directly for the solution
    • Support your position with evidence (Facts, Examples, Explanations, Descriptions, Definitions, Comparisons, Anecdotes, Testimonials, and Statistics).
    • Use a variety of modes for evidence (text, pictures, charts/graphs, video links, etc.)  
  • Counter argue Objections, Questions, and other Solutions
    • Respond to objections (Refute, Concede, or Qualify).
    • How will the solution surpass other options?
  • Establish Credibility